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#51 A Segmental Spectro-Temporal Model of Musical Timbre

Juan José Burred, Axel Röbel

We propose a new statistical model of musical timbre that handles the different segments of the temporal envelope (attack, sustain and release) separately in order to account for their different spectral and temporal behaviors. The model is based on a reduced-dimensionality representation of the spectro-temporal envelope. Temporal coefficients corresponding to the attack and release segments are subjected to explicit trajectory modeling based on a non-stationary Gaussian Process. Coefficients corresponding to the sustain phase are modeled as a multivariate Gaussian. A compound similarity measure associated with the segmental model is proposed and successfully tested in instrument classification experiments. Apart from its use in a statistical framework, the modeling method allows intuitive and informative visualizations of the characteristics of musical timbre.
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